Naturalization is the process by which United States citizenship is conferred upon a foreign born citizen or national after he or she has fulfilled the requirements established by Congress. Once a person naturalizes, the individual becomes a citizen of the United States.
Individuals may qualify for naturalization (citizenship) based on various situations. Sometimes, individuals may already be citizens of the U.S. and not even realize it. Citizen eligibility may be based on:
- Lawful Permanent Residence status for five years (plus other requirements) or three years if your permanent residency is based on marriage to a U.S. citizen;
- Qualifying military service;
- Acquisition (gaining U.S. Citizenship at the instance of your birth by virtue of the parentage of your U.S. Citizen parent(s) or grandparent(s)).
The following USCIS Naturalization Interview and Test 16-minute video provides an overview of the naturalization process and testing requirements. This video highlights scenes from the naturalization interview, including the English and U.S. history and government (civics) portions of the naturalization test. These simulated situations provide a closer look into the overall process.